Varicose veins in the legs

What are the treatments? Are there any side effects? And how long is the treatment?

Some general background before we start …

Venous varicose veins in the legs are a common phenomenon caused by a number of factors. How does our body work and why does it happen?

The cells in the human body need oxygen and energy sources in order to function.

Blood plays an important role as the transfer of energy and oxygen sources to the body’s cells.

The blood flows to the cells and back into the bloodstream, towards the cells of the body through the arteries thanks to the pump of the heart – which circulates the blood together with the oxygen and together with the energy sources.

The blood reaches the cells through the small arteries and then through the capillaries.

The capillaries are the smallest blood vessels that exist in our body and are the continuation of the small arteries.

The location of the capillaries is close to the cells and therefore, they are able to transfer oxygen and energy sources and take the waste (CO2, carbon dioxide and acids like “lactic acid”) and flow, at the other end of the capillaries, towards the smaller veins, through them to larger veins that carry blood. Used “- the” dirty “blood towards the heart.

In conclusion – the role of the veins, to return the blood after use to the heart, vision and kidneys, all in order to refresh the blood and transfer it again to the cells in the body.

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Some background ...

Why do varicose veins in the legs form? And how does evolution relate to the process?

Many years ago, when man evolved as part of the evolutionary process, “humans” walked on four limbs, the height of the heart was equal to the height of the limbs so returning blood to the heart was simple, the heart acted as a pump and was able to raise blood from the height of the palms to the height of the chest .

With the development of man, and his ascension on the feet, caused the heart difficulty in circulating the blood.

The body was unable to flow the blood upwards – to the heart, to an almost double height with its limited suction power and needed help for the blood to rise towards the heart, against gravity

The leg muscles are the ones that come to the aid of the heart, during their activity, (during walking), the leg muscles contract and relax around the veins and “milk them”.

This allows blood to flow towards the heart like another pump pushing it upwards.

Unidirectional valves were also formed inside the veins to allow blood to flow upwards – to the heart and not downwards towards the feet.

The venous blood, blood after use, with all the waste, returns to the heart thanks to the suction power of the heart, the pushing force of the leg muscles and the direction of unidirectional valves in the inner wall of the veins in the legs.

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How are varicose veins formed in the legs?

Description of the process of varicose vein formation.

Venous varicose veins in the legs are, in fact, a valve disease of the veins in the legs.

Valves play a key role in the proper return of blood to the heart. Due to various reasons, the valves can be damaged, such as genetic predisposition, overweight, pregnancy, weakness of the leg muscles and work that requires prolonged standing (teacher, barber, cashier …)

While standing the blood, whose function is to return to the direction of the heart against gravity, falls towards the feet through the diseased veins – the damaged valves do not inhibit the fall of the blood.

These veins are called insufficient veins, they protrude above the skin surface and create the appearance of varicose veins in the legs.

The result is an accumulation of venous blood in the lower part of the legs that causes heaviness and swelling. Also, high blood pressure is created within the diseased veins, which causes, over time, dilation of the veins that do not withstand the pressure created. The veins begin to protrude under the skin and give the characteristic appearance of varicose veins in the legs.

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Aesthetics and health

Are Varicose Veins In The Legs A Health Problem?

There is no doubt that the appearance of varicose veins in the legs is an unaesthetic appearance, and more importantly – the venous varicose veins are a health problem.

The venous blood that accumulates in the lower part of the legs causes swelling, (blood has volume), and heaviness (blood has weight).

The accumulation of blood causes fatigue of the legs and dysfunction of the tissue cells (muscle, fat, skin).

Due to the large amount of waste that is not emptied properly (carbon dioxide and large amounts of acids), the accumulation of waste slows down the function of the cells.

Hence, there are symptoms of: fatigue in the leg muscles, degeneration of the subcutaneous adipose tissue and slow regeneration of the skin that becomes thin skin with changes in its color, – there is usually a brown color (this phenomenon is known as “pigmentation”) and a tendency in areas affected by wounds that do not heal easily. .

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Options for treating varicose veins in the legs

The various treatments we have helped our patients with:

Varicose veins in the legs and the accompanying symptoms, appear gradually and over the years.

Venous disease without proper treatment progresses slowly.

Sometimes only protruding varicose veins will appear on the skin without any other sign.

There are cases where symptoms first appear, signs of fatigue or swelling before the varicose veins in the legs protrude across the skin and there are cases where the changes in skin color are the first sign.

Varicose veins need to be treated in the legs that are in venous insufficiency.

Venous insufficiency in the varicose veins of the legs is caused due to improper valves, a medical problem that many years ago tried to fix – by replacing the valves but without success.

The therapeutic way is to remove the diseased veins or close them permanently.

In the past, the only treatment was removal of varicose veins (stearifing surgery or flavectomy).

Today there are a number of simple innovative methods that allow for easy surgery under local anesthesia and light anesthesia with quick and easy recovery: bioadhesive adhesion surgery, and laser vein surgery.

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Venaseal surgery - glue for veins

Laser vein surgery